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On November 1, 1950, as part of the uprising, two Puerto Rican nationalists carried out an armed attack on Blair House, which was being used as a temporary residence by U. After the 1959 Communist revolution in Cuba, Puerto Rican nationalism lost much of its steam; the main political question facing Puerto Ricans in the mid-1990s was whether to seek full statehood or remain a Commonwealth. Early Puerto Rican residents on the mainland included Eugenio María de Hostos (b.
Since Puerto Ricans are American citizens, they are considered U. 1839), a journalist, philosopher, and freedom fighter who arrived in New York in 1874 after being exiled from Spain (where he had studied law) because of his outspoken views on Puerto Rican independence. Nineteenth-century Puerto Rican statesman Luis Muñoz Rivera—the father of Governor Luis Muñoz Marín—lived in Washington D.
Puerto Rico is 35 miles wide (from north to south), 95 miles long (from east to west) and has 311 miles of coastline.
Its land mass measures 3,423 square miles—about two-thirds the area of the state of Connecticut.
Located more than a thousand miles southeast of Miami, Puerto Rico is bounded on the north by the Atlantic Ocean, on the east by the Virgin Passage (which separates it from the Virgin Islands), on the south by the Caribbean Sea, and on the west by the Mona Passage (which separates it from the Dominican Republic).Intermarriage had become a common practice among the three ethnic groups. Congress established a civil government on the island. government instituted measures to resolve the various economic and social problems of the island, which even then was suffering from overpopulation.As a result of the Spanish-American War of 1898, Puerto Rico was ceded by Spain to the United States in the Treaty of Paris on December 19, 1898. Seventeen years later, in response to the pressure of Puerto Rican activists, President Woodrow Wilson signed the Jones Act, which granted American citizenship to all Puerto Ricans. Those measures included the introduction of American currency, health programs, hydroelectric power and irrigation programs, and economic policies designed to attract U. industry and provide more employment opportunities for native Puerto Ricans. Naval bases were built in San Juan Harbor and on the nearby island of Culebra.These fortifications also proved effective in repelling the attacks of other European imperial powers, including a 1595 assault from British general Sir Francis Drake.In the mid-1700s, African slaves were brought to Puerto Rico by the Spanish in great numbers.